Melasma is a very common skin problem and is very difficult to treat as most patients have used potent steroids on their face in a hope to cure it early. Systematic approach to repair the skin and then removing the pigmentation is possible with sustained efforts.
1.What causes Melasma?
There are many different causes of Melasma but most common include hormones, UV exposure, and genetic. Melasma occurs mostly in woman, but it can affect a small percentage of men as well.
2.What triggers melasma?
Uncontrolled sunlight exposure is considered the leading triggerfor melasma. It is sensitive to heat, so avoiding the following:
- Sun exposure on your face.
- Saunas / steam rooms.
- IPL treatment (due to the heat generated).
- Any other heat generating treatment.
3. What hormone imbalance causes Melasma?
Melasma during pregnancy is quite common when we call it as Chloasma. For many, pigmentation levels increase as their hormones change during pregnancy. Some react negatively to the hormone fluctuation, just as some get morning sickness while others do not.
4.Does Melasma go away on its own?
Melasma even with treatment takes times to disappear. It might take the right treatment combination and sun protection efforts to speed up the clearance process. As with all things, prevention is the best treatment.
5.What treatments are available for Melasma?
single treatment is not helpful. It has to be customized and holistic covering all trigger points of Melasma and focusing on avoiding relapses also. Without maintenance treatment, it typically returns.Two popular and successful treatment among Melasma patients are the Melapeel and Laser Toning treatments. Both options are available at the The Kosme care. The treatments break up the dense pigmentation that the skin disorder causes and provide deep, long-lasting results as the body naturally eliminates the excess melanin. There is no downtime for these treatments, and they are fairly comfortable to undergo.